top of page

Sprains and Strains


Sprains and Strains
Sprains and Strains
Sprains and Strains
Sprains and Strains

It is a type of soft tissue injury where the muscle and tendons are affected. Exclude fracture by performing x-ray

These may be caused by:

• Sport injuries
• Slips and twists
• Overuse of muscles
• Abnormal posture

Note: In children always bear non-accidental injuries (assault) in mind.

Signs and symptoms

Diagnostic Criteria

• History of trauma
• Pain, especially on movement
• unable to use the limb
• Tenderness on touch
• Limited movement



  • Pharmacological

    • Immobilize with firm bandage and/or temporary splinting e.g. triangular sling, back slab etc

    • Children over 12 years and adults:

    • Ibuprofen200–400 mg PO 8 hourly
    • Paracetamol 15 mg/kg PO 6 hourly per 24 hours.

    • Perform X-ray to rule out dislocations or sublaxations
  • Non-pharmacological


Updated on,

14 Novemba 2020 08:53:10


    1. STG
bottom of page