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Principles of management of poisons in contact with skin or eyes



Risk Factors

Signs and symptoms

Diagnostic criteria



  • Non-pharmacological

    Management of Skin contamination

    • Remove all clothing and personal effects and thoroughly flush all exposed areas with copious amounts of water
    • Use soap and water for oily substances
    • Attending staff should take care to protect themselves from secondary contamination by wearing gloves and apron
    • Removed clothing and personal effects should be store d safely in a see-through plastic bag that can be sealed, for later cleansing or disposal

    Management of Eye contamination

    • Rinse the eye for 10–15 minutes with clean running water or saline, taking care that the run-off does not enter the other eye.
    • The use of tetracaine hydrochloride eye drops will assist irrigation8. Evert the eyelids and ensure that all surfaces are rinsed.
    • In the case of an acid or alkali irrigate for 20 minutes
    • Where possible, the eye should be thoroughly examined under fluorescein staining for signs of corneal damage.
    • If there is significant conjunctival or corneal damage, the patient should be seen urgently by an ophthalmologist.
    • Refer when further eye evaluation cannot be performed.
  • Pharmacological


Educate the patient on Dos and Don’ts of poisoning prevention.


• Keep medicines and poison in proper containers and out of reach of children
• Use containers with child resistant caps
• Keep all products in their original container
• Read medicine labels carefully to avoid mistake


• Leave container open
• Transfer products from their origin
• Remove labels from the medicine products
• Put tablets into another containers such as purse or envelope
• Medicine/tablets as sweet
• Take your medicine in front of children as they often copy

Updated on,

14 Novemba 2020 15:03:34


    1. STG
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